ACL Surgery

Normal Knee Anatomy

Normal Knee AnatomyWhat is ACL?

It is the ligament connecting your femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone).

What is the function of ACL?

  • It provides stability to your knee joint
  • It prevents your knee buckling when you walk downstairs.

When it gets injured?

  • ACL gets injured when a person is running or jumping and then suddenly slows and changes direction
  • It is more commonly seen in contact sports such as football and basketball

Symptoms of ACL Injury

  • Patient may feel sudden audible pop or click
  • Pain and swelling of the knee joint
  • Difficulty in walking, feeling of giving way, and walking downstairs.

What to do immediately after injury?

  • Give rest to the joint
  • Apply ice pack
  • Consult sports medicine specialist
  • After clinical examintation ivestigations are performed
  • X-ray to rule out fracture
  • MRI scan to rule out ligament injuries

Once ACL injury is confirmed what to do next?

  • Give rest to the joint by knee brace application
  • Local ice pack application for swelling to reduce
  • Gradually start knee mobilization to achieve full range of movement by 2-3 weeks time.
  • ACL surgery is NOT an EMERGENCY SURGERY.

What is done in ACL surgery?

  • Torn ACL ligament is replaced by other muscle tendons and fixed by Endobutton and interference screw.
  • Different types of screws used are titanium and bio absorbable screw.
  • Advantage of bio screw is, it gets absorbed over a period of time.

Post  ACL surgery

  • Patient is discharged one day after surgery
  • On 1st post op day patient is made to walk with brace and crutches and knee bending is started
  • Physiotherapy program is continued for a period of one month under supervision of doctor every week.

When can I return to sports?

  • By 6-8 months.